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What types of cases are tried in federal court?


Both civil and criminal cases are tried in U.S. District Courts. The specific kinds of cases are set forth in Article III of the U.S. Constitution and in federal statutes. These are controversies to which the United States is a party and controversies between two or more States. The federal courts also decide cases involving constitutional rights, laws enacted by Congress, treaties, and laws relating to navigable waters. Suits between citizens of different states may be heard in the U.S. Courts only if the amount in controversy exceeds $75,000.00. Typical criminal charges in federal court are those involving violation of income tax and narcotics laws, mail theft, crimes committed on federal property, and counterfeiting. The federal criminal code, including offenses involving violent crimes, property, drugs, firearms and explosives, sexual crimes, immigration, and justice system offenses.